Journal cover Journal topic
Hydrology and Earth System Sciences An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 10, 715-729, 2006
© Author(s) 2006. This work is licensed under the
Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.5 License.
05 Oct 2006
Centrifuge modeling of one-step outflow tests for unsaturated parameter estimations
H. Nakajima1,* and A. T. Stadler1,** 1Geoscience Research, Idaho National Laboratory, Idaho Falls, Idaho, USA
*now at: Center for Deep Geological Environments, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan
**now at: URS Corporation, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
Abstract. Centrifuge modeling of one-step outflow tests were carried out using a 2-m radius geotechnical centrifuge, and the cumulative outflow and transient pore water pressure were measured during the tests at multiple gravity levels. Based on the scaling laws of centrifuge modeling, the measurements generally showed reasonable agreement with prototype data calculated from forward simulations with input parameters determined from standard laboratory tests. The parameter optimizations were examined for three different combinations of input data sets using the test measurements. Within the gravity level examined in this study up to 40g, the optimized unsaturated parameters compared well when accurate pore water pressure measurements were included along with cumulative outflow as input data. With its capability to implement variety of instrumentations under well controlled initial and boundary conditions and to shorten testing time, the centrifuge modeling technique is attractive as an alternative experimental method that provides more freedom to set inverse problem conditions for the parameter estimation.

Citation: Nakajima, H. and Stadler, A. T.: Centrifuge modeling of one-step outflow tests for unsaturated parameter estimations, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 10, 715-729, doi:10.5194/hess-10-715-2006, 2006.
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