Journal cover Journal topic
Hydrology and Earth System Sciences An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 4, 373-381, 2000
http://www.hydrol-earth-syst-sci.net/4/373/2000/
doi:10.5194/hess-4-373-2000
© Author(s) 2000. This work is licensed under the
Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.5 License.
 
30 Sep 2000
Longitudinal dispersion in natural channels: 3. An aggregated dead zone model applied to the River Severn, U.K.
P. M. Davis1 and T. C. Atkinson1,2 1Groundwater Tracing Unit, Department of Geological Sciences, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, U.K.
2School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, U.K.
e-mail for corresponding author: t.atkinson@ucl.ac.uk
Abstract. An Aggregated Dead Zone (ADZ) model is presented for longitudinal dispersion of tracer in river channels, in which the channel cross-section is divided into two parallel regions: the bulk flow and dead zone storage. Tracer particles in the bulk flow are assumed to obey plug-flow advection at the discharge velocity U without any mixing effects. The dispersive properties of the model are completely embodied in the residence time for tracer storage in the dead zone. The model provides an excellent description and prediction of empirical concentration-time distributions, for times t < x/U. Its physical realism is demonstrated by using it to describe the evolution of a tracer cloud in the River Severn, U.K., and by comparing it with a more complex model which incorporates the additional effects of shear flow dispersion within the bulk flow. The ADZ model is a potentially useful tool for practical prediction of dispersion in natural channels.

Keywords: Channels; dispersion; dead zones; tracers; River Severn



Citation: Davis, P. M. and Atkinson, T. C.: Longitudinal dispersion in natural channels: 3. An aggregated dead zone model applied to the River Severn, U.K., Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 4, 373-381, doi:10.5194/hess-4-373-2000, 2000.
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