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Hydrology and Earth System Sciences An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 11, issue 4
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 11, 1323–1339, 2007
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-11-1323-2007
© Author(s) 2007. This work is licensed under
the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.5 License.
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 11, 1323–1339, 2007
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-11-1323-2007
© Author(s) 2007. This work is licensed under
the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.5 License.

  15 May 2007

15 May 2007

Implementation of a process-based catchment model in a poorly gauged, highly glacierized Himalayan headwater

M. Konz1, S. Uhlenbrook2, L. Braun3, A. Shrestha4, and S. Demuth5,6 M. Konz et al.
  • 1University of Basel, Department of Environmental Sciences, Applied and Environmental Geology, Basel, Switzerland
  • 2UNESCO-IHE, Department of Water Engineering, Delft, The Netherlands
  • 3Bavarian Academy of Sciences, Commission of Glaciology, Munich, Germany
  • 4Department of Hydrology and Meteorology, Snow and Glacier Hydrology Unit, Katmandu, Nepal
  • 5University of Freiburg, Institute of Hydrology, Freiburg, Germany
  • 6IHP/HWRP Secretariat, Federal Institute of Hydrology, Koblenz, Germany

Abstract. The paper presents a catchment modeling approach for remote glacierized Himalayan catchments. The distributed catchment model TACD, which is widely based on the HBV model, was further developed for the application in highly glacierized catchments on a daily timestep and applied to the Nepalese Himalayan headwater Langtang Khola (360 km2). Low laying reference stations are taken for temperature extrapolation applying a second order polynomial function. Probability based statistical methods enable bridging data gaps in daily precipitation time series and the redistribution of cumulated precipitation sums over the previous days. Snow and ice melt was calculated in a distributed way based on the temperature-index method employing calculated daily potential sunshine durations. Different melting conditions of snow and ice and melting of ice under debris layers were considered. The spatial delineation of hydrological response units was achieved by taking topographic and physiographic information from maps and satellite images into account, and enabled to incorporate process knowledge into the model. Simulation results demonstrated that the model is able to simulate daily discharge for a period of 10 years and point glacier mass balances observed in the research area with an adequate reliability. The simple but robust data pre-processing and modeling approach enables the determination of the components of the water balance of a remote, data scarce catchment with a minimum of input data.

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