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Hydrology and Earth System Sciences An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 13, issue 7 | Copyright
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 13, 1299-1305, 2009
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-13-1299-2009
© Author(s) 2009. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

  24 Jul 2009

24 Jul 2009

Comment on "Biotic pump of atmospheric moisture as driver of the hydrological cycle on land" by A. M. Makarieva and V. G. Gorshkov, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 11, 1013–1033, 2007

A. G. C. A. Meesters, A. J. Dolman, and L. A. Bruijnzeel A. G. C. A. Meesters et al.
  • Faculty of Earth and Life Sciences, VU University, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Abstract. In their paper "Biotic pump of atmospheric moisture as driver of the hydrological cycle on land", Makarieva and Gorshkov (Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 11, 1013–1033, 2007) derive from "previously unstudied" properties of atmospheric water vapor, the existence of a hitherto unknown "evaporative force". From this, a novel physical principle is deduced, according to which low-level air flows from regions with weak, to regions with strong evaporation. As such, natural forests are claimed to "suck in" moist air from the ocean, a process labeled the "biotic pump of atmospheric moisture".

This commentary focuses on the physical foundations of the Biotic Pump Theory (BPT). It is shown that the "evaporative force" on which the theory is built, is not supported by basic physical principles. The problem of moisture transport and its dependence on vegetation cover considered by Makarieva and Gorshkov is certainly important, but cannot be solved along the lines proposed by them.

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