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Volume 18, issue 12
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 18, 5025–5040, 2014
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-18-5025-2014
© Author(s) 2014. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Special issue: Predictions under change: water, earth, and biota in the anthropocene...

Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 18, 5025–5040, 2014
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-18-5025-2014
© Author(s) 2014. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research article 11 Dec 2014

Research article | 11 Dec 2014

A virtual water network of the Roman world

B. J. Dermody et al.
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Cited articles  
Allan, J. A.: Virtual Water: A Strategic Resource Global Solutions to Regional Deficits, Ground Water, 36, 545–546, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-6584.1998.tb02825.x, 1998.
Allen, R. G., Pereira, L. S., Raes, D., and Smith, M.: Crop evapotranspiration-Guidelines for computing crop water requirements-FAO Irrigation and drainage paper 56, FAO Rome, 300, 6541, 1998.
Barker, G.: Farming the Desert: Synthesis, UNESCO Publishing Department of Antiquities, Paris, France, 1996.
Barnaby, W.: Do nations go to war over water?, Nature, 458, 282–283, https://doi.org/10.1038/458282a, 2009.
van Beek, L. P. H. and Bierkens, M. F. P.: The Global Hydrological Model PCR-GLOBWB: Conceptualization, Parameterization and Verification, Utrecht University, 2009.
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Our virtual water network of the Roman World shows that virtual water trade and irrigation provided the Romans with resilience to interannual climate variability. Virtual water trade enabled the Romans to meet food demands from regions with a surplus. Irrigation provided stable water supplies for agriculture, particularly in large river catchments. However, virtual water trade also stimulated urbanization and population growth, which eroded Roman resilience to climate variability over time.
Our virtual water network of the Roman World shows that virtual water trade and irrigation...
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