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Hydrology and Earth System Sciences An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 19, issue 3
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 19, 1125–1139, 2015
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-19-1125-2015
© Author(s) 2015. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 19, 1125–1139, 2015
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-19-1125-2015
© Author(s) 2015. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research article 02 Mar 2015

Research article | 02 Mar 2015

Quantitative high-resolution observations of soil water dynamics in a complicated architecture using time-lapse ground-penetrating radar

P. Klenk et al.
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Cited articles  
Annan, A. P.: GPR Methods for Hydrogeological Studies, in: Hydrogeophysics, vol. 50 of Water Science and Technology Library, edited by Rubin, Y., Hubbard, S. S., and Singh, V., Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, the Netherlands, 185–213, https://doi.org/10.1007/1-4020-3102-5, 2005.
Bano, M.: Effects of the transition zone above a water table on the reflection of GPR waves, Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L13309, https://doi.org/10.1029/2006GL026158, 2006.
Bevan, M. J., Endres, A. L., Rudolph, D. L., and Parkin, G.: The non-invasive characterization of pumping-induced dewatering using ground penetrating radar, J. Hydrol., 281, 55–69, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0022-1694(03)00200-2, 2003.
Birchak, J. R., Gardner, C. G., Hipp, J. E., and Victor, J. M.: High dielectric constant microwave probes for sensing soil moisture, Proc. IEEE, 62, 93–98, https://doi.org/10.1109/PROC.1974.9388, 1974.
Bogena, H. R., Herbst, M., Huisman, J. A., Rosenbaum, U., Weuthen, A., and Vereecken, H.: Potential of Wireless Sensor Networks for Measuring Soil Water Content Variability, Vadose Zone J., 9, 1002–1013, https://doi.org/10.2136/vzj2009.0173, 2010.
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In this study, we analyze a set of high-resolution, surface-based, 2-D ground-penetrating radar (GPR) observations of artificially induced subsurface water dynamics. In particular, we place close scrutiny on the evolution of the capillary fringe in a highly dynamic regime with surface-based time-lapse GPR. We thoroughly explain all observed phenomena based on theoretical soil physical considerations and numerical simulations of both subsurface water flow and the expected GPR response.
In this study, we analyze a set of high-resolution, surface-based, 2-D ground-penetrating radar...
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