Journal cover Journal topic
Hydrology and Earth System Sciences An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
Journal topic

Journal metrics

Journal metrics

  • IF value: 5.153 IF 5.153
  • IF 5-year value: 5.460 IF 5-year
    5.460
  • CiteScore value: 7.8 CiteScore
    7.8
  • SNIP value: 1.623 SNIP 1.623
  • IPP value: 4.91 IPP 4.91
  • SJR value: 2.092 SJR 2.092
  • Scimago H <br class='hide-on-tablet hide-on-mobile'>index value: 123 Scimago H
    index 123
  • h5-index value: 65 h5-index 65
Volume 19, issue 1
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 19, 567–581, 2015
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-19-567-2015
© Author(s) 2015. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 19, 567–581, 2015
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-19-567-2015
© Author(s) 2015. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research article 29 Jan 2015

Research article | 29 Jan 2015

A framework for assessing hydrological regime sensitivity to climate change in a convective rainfall environment: a case study of two medium-sized eastern Mediterranean catchments, Israel

N. Peleg1, E. Shamir2, K. P. Georgakakos2,3, and E. Morin4 N. Peleg et al.
  • 1Hydrology and Water Resources Program, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Givat Ram, Jerusalem 91904, Israel
  • 2Hydrologic Research Center, San Diego, California, USA
  • 3Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California San Diego, California, USA
  • 4Department of Geography, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem 91905, Israel

Abstract. A modeling framework is formulated and applied to assess the sensitivity of the hydrological regime of two catchments in a convective rainfall environment with respect to projected climate change. The study uses likely rainfall scenarios with high spatiotemporal resolution that are dependent on projected changes in the driving regional meteorological synoptic systems. The framework was applied to a case study in two medium-sized Mediterranean catchments in Israel, affected by convective rainfall, by combining the HiReS-WG rainfall generator and the SAC-SMA hydrological model. The projected climate change impact on the hydrological regime was examined for the RCP4.5 and RCP8.5 emission scenarios, comparing the historical (beginning of the 21st century) and future (mid-21st-century) periods from three general circulation model simulations available from CMIP5. Focusing on changes in the occurrence frequency of regional synoptic systems and their impact on rainfall and streamflow patterns, we find that the mean annual rainfall over the catchments is projected to be reduced by 15% (outer range 2–23%) and 18% (7–25%) for the RCP4.5 sand RCP8.5 emission scenarios, respectively. The mean annual streamflow volumes are projected to be reduced by 45% (10–60%) and 47% (16–66%). The average events' streamflow volumes for a given event rainfall depth are projected to be lower by a factor of 1.4–2.1. Moreover, the streamflow season in these ephemeral streams is projected to be shorter by 22% and 26–28% for the RCP4.5 and RCP8.5, respectively. The amplification in reduction of streamflow volumes relative to rainfall amounts is related to the projected reduction in soil moisture, as a result of fewer rainfall events and longer dry spells between rainfall events during the wet season. The dominant factors for the projected reduction in rainfall amount were the reduction in occurrence of wet synoptic systems and the shortening of the wet synoptic systems durations. Changes in the occurrence frequency of the two dominant types of the regional wet synoptic systems (active Red Sea trough and Mediterranean low) were found to have a minor impact on the total rainfall.

Publications Copernicus
Download
Citation