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Hydrology and Earth System Sciences An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 20, issue 3
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 20, 1151–1176, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-20-1151-2016
© Author(s) 2016. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 20, 1151–1176, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-20-1151-2016
© Author(s) 2016. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research article 17 Mar 2016

Research article | 17 Mar 2016

The importance of topography-controlled sub-grid process heterogeneity and semi-quantitative prior constraints in distributed hydrological models

Remko C. Nijzink et al.
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Abdulla, F. A. and Lettenmaier, D. P.: Development of regional parameter estimation equations for a macroscale hydrologic model, J. Hydrol., 197, 230–257, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0022-1694(96)03262-3, 1997.
Andréassian, V., Perrin, C., Berthet, L., Le Moine, N., Lerat, J., Loumagne, C., Oudin, L., Mathevet, T., Ramos, M.-H., and Valéry, A.: HESS Opinions “Crash tests for a standardized evaluation of hydrological models”, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 13, 1757–1764, https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-13-1757-2009, 2009.
Andréassian, V., Le Moine, N., Perrin, C., Ramos, M.-H., Oudin, L., Mathevet, T., Lerat, J., and Berthet, L.: All that glitters is not gold: the case of calibrating hydrological models, Hydrol. Process., 26, 2206–2210, https://doi.org/10.1002/hyp.9264, 2012.
Arino, O., Ramos, J., Kalogirou, V., Defourny, P., and Achard, F.: GlobCover, ESA Living Planet Symposium, 27 June–2 July 2010, Bergen, Norway, 2009.
Bergström, S.: The HBV model: Its structure and applications, Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute, Norrköping, 1–33, 1992.
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The heterogeneity of landscapes in river basins strongly affects the hydrological response. In this study, the distributed mesoscale Hydrologic Model (mHM) was equipped with additional processes identified by landscapes within one modelling cell. Seven study catchments across Europe were selected to test the value of this additional sub-grid heterogeneity. In addition, the models were constrained based on expert knowledge. Generally, the modifications improved the representation of low flows.
The heterogeneity of landscapes in river basins strongly affects the hydrological response. In...
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