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Hydrology and Earth System Sciences An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 22, issue 2
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 22, 1135–1155, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-22-1135-2018
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Special issue: Environmental changes and hazards in the Dead Sea region (NHESS/ACP/HESS/SE...

Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 22, 1135–1155, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-22-1135-2018
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research article 09 Feb 2018

Research article | 09 Feb 2018

Dead Sea evaporation by eddy covariance measurements vs. aerodynamic, energy budget, Priestley–Taylor, and Penman estimates

Jutta Metzger et al.
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Cited articles  
Abelson, M., Yechieli, Y., Crouvi, O., Baer, G., Wachs, D., Bein, A., and Shtivelman, V.: Evolution of the Dead Sea sinkholes, Geol. Soc. Spec. Pap., 401, 241–253, 2006.
Alpert, P., Shafir, H., and Issahary, D.: Recent changes in the climate at the Dead Sea – a preliminary study, Climatic Change, 37, 513–537, https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1005330908974, 1997.
Arkin, Y. and Gilat, A.: Dead Sea sinkholes – an ever-developing hazard, Environ. Geol., 39, 711–722, 2000.
Asmar, B. and Ergenzinger, P.: Dynamic simulation of the Dead Sea, Adv. Water Resour., 25, 263–277, 2002.
Asmar, B. N. and Ergenzinger, P.: Estimation of evaporation from the Dead Sea, Hydrol. Process., 13, 2743–2750, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1085(19991215)13:17<2743::AID-HYP845>3.0.CO;2-U, 1999.
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This paper is motivated by the need for more precise evaporation rates from the Dead Sea (DS) and methods to estimate and forecast evaporation. A new approach to measure lake evaporation with a station located at the shoreline, also transferable to other lakes, is introduced. The first directly measured DS evaporation rates are presented as well as applicable methods for evaporation calculation. These results enable us to further close the DS water budget and to facilitate the water management.
This paper is motivated by the need for more precise evaporation rates from the Dead Sea (DS)...
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