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HESS | Articles | Volume 23, issue 5
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 23, 2461-2479, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-23-2461-2019
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 23, 2461-2479, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-23-2461-2019
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Research article 22 May 2019

Research article | 22 May 2019

A partially coupled hydro-mechanical analysis of the Bengal Aquifer System under hydrological loading

Nicholas D. Woodman et al.
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Revised manuscript accepted for HESS
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Cited articles  
Acworth, R. I., Rau, G. C., McCallum, A. M., Andersen, M. S., and Cuthbert, M. O.: Understanding connected surface-water/groundwater systems using Fourier analysis of daily and sub-daily head fluctuations, Hydrogeol. J., 23, 143–159, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10040-014-1182-5, 2015. 
Anochikwa, C. I., van der Kamp, G., and Barbour, S. L.: Interpreting pore-water pressure changes induced by water table fluctuations and mechanical loading due to soil moisture changes, Can. Geotech. J., 49, 357–366, 2012. 
Bakker, M.: The effect of loading efficiency on the groundwater response to water level changes in shallow lakes and streams, Water Resour. Res., 52, 1075–1715, https://doi.org/10.1002/2015WR017977, 2016. 
Bardsley, W. E. and Campbell, D. J.: A new method for measuring near-surface moisture budgets in hydrological systems, J. Hydrol., 154, 245–254, 1994. 
Bardsley, W. E. and Campbell, D. J.: Natural geological weighing lysimeters: calibration tools for satellite and ground surface gravity monitoring of subsurface water-mass change, Natural Resources Research, 9, 147–156, 2000. 
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We show that a conventional hydraulic understanding of groundwater level fluctuation is too simplistic for the extensive floodplains of Bangladesh and West Bengal. This is crucial because 150 million people of the region rely on groundwater for drinking and irrigation. We describe a more complex situation: the coupled hydro-mechanical action of surface water coming and going as the seasons change. Our model results will assist sustainable management of groundwater resources across the region.
We show that a conventional hydraulic understanding of groundwater level fluctuation is too...
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