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HESS | Articles | Volume 23, issue 1
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 23, 515–535, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-23-515-2019
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Special issue: Linking landscape organisation and hydrological functioning:...

Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 23, 515–535, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-23-515-2019
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Research article 28 Jan 2019

Research article | 28 Jan 2019

Using phase lags to evaluate model biases in simulating the diurnal cycle of evapotranspiration: a case study in Luxembourg

Maik Renner et al.
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Earth Syst. Dynam. Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/esd-2019-6,https://doi.org/10.5194/esd-2019-6, 2019
Manuscript under review for ESD
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Cited articles  
Alduchov, O. A. and Eskridge, R. E.: Improved Magnus Form Approximation of Saturation Vapor Pressure, J. Appl. Meteor., 35, 601–609, https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0450(1996)035<0601:IMFAOS>2.0.CO;2, 1996. 
Allen, R. G., Pereira, L. S., Raes, D., and Smith, M.: Crop evapotranspiration – Guidelines for computing crop water requirements, FAO Irrigation and drainage paper 56, FAO, Rome, 300, 6541, 1998. 
Bastiaanssen, W. G. M., Menenti, M., Feddes, R. A., and Holtslag, A. A. M.: A remote sensing surface energy balance algorithm for land (SEBAL). 1. Formulation, J. Hydrol., 212–213, 198–212, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0022-1694(98)00253-4, 1998. 
Beljaars, A. C. M. and Bosveld, F. C.: Cabauw Data for the Validation of Land Surface Parameterization Schemes, J. Climate, 10, 1172–1193, https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0442(1997)010<1172:CDFTVO>2.0.CO;2, 1997. 
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We estimate the phase lag of surface states and heat fluxes to incoming solar radiation at the sub-daily timescale. While evapotranspiration reveals a minor phase lag, the vapor pressure deficit used as input by Penman–Monteith approaches shows a large phase lag. The surface-to-air temperature gradient used by energy balance residual approaches shows a small phase shift in agreement with the sensible heat flux and thus explains the better correlation of these models at the sub-daily timescale.
We estimate the phase lag of surface states and heat fluxes to incoming solar radiation at the...
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